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景區石欄桿設計尺寸-河道橋梁石護欄定做

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      旅游景區欄桿、河道石欄桿是一個產品,在設計之初,就是把它當作藝術品來設計。如何設計欄桿這個藝術品呢?主要的工作是先明白產品的設計內容,曲陽縣石隆個石雕工藝廠以旅游景區欄桿設計為主要內容,介紹包括石欄桿起源述、發展、欄桿尺寸設計研究等三大部分。



景區石欄桿、河道護欄尺寸設計圖


一、景區石欄桿、河道欄桿的起源

  從需求上探討欄桿的起源發展。橋是為了通過障礙物而架設的,初始的橋是沒有欄桿的,如板橋、木橋等,現代在農村和山區等地方,為了方便通行,也會在狹窄的小溝.上架一塊木板、石板或汀步等。由于河道狹窄,人們能的通過,故不用設置欄桿。但當障礙物較深或較寬時,初始的欄桿可分為兩種,種為三角支架做橋墩,支架上搭橋梁,支架上延長一根架橫木,橫木橋梁可做欄桿。另外一種為架設兩根繩索,一根做梁、一根做扶手。這比雜技團里的節目“踩鋼絲”要安全的多。隨著建橋技術的發展,人們在木橋上設置的欄桿是斜撐在側面支撐,然后為了美觀的需求用方木夾緊后錨固,這時就是現代我們所看到的木橋欄桿的原型。同時,石橋欄桿的發展遠比木橋。因石材的堅固性,不能采用像木欄桿處理時的錨固,故采用鑿標的方式使得原本是平板的石橋面變為凹形橋面,后來發展到在條石上鑿標,將立柱嵌入槽內,這就形成了石橋欄桿、河道護欄的雛形。


漢白玉橋護欄尺寸設計圖


  二、景區石欄桿、河道護欄的發展

   從古建筑物上探討欄桿的發展。對于木橋而言,由于材質易被腐蝕,但在宋代的畫家張擇端留下的畫作《清明上河圖》中所繪制的虹橋可看出當時欄桿技術的發展,虹橋只一跨便把兩端市鎮連接起來,橋梁做工精細、結構嚴謹,在橋梁端頭和望柱.上均可見精美的雕飾。也有了較完備的欄桿系統,例如石欄板、石材望柱、石扶手、石抱鼓石、石雕斜撐等。



河道景觀花崗巖護欄


  現存較多的是石橋,石橋欄桿在藝術形式上更為,如有名的石橋一趙州橋,不僅以其敞肩拱的合理結構而,石欄桿的雕刻造型藝術和各個構件的比例也成為其他橋梁爭相模仿的對象。趙州橋建于隋代,其欄板上雕有反應隋代人民生活情趣和時代特色的雕刻,如“游龍戲珠、奔龍、絞龍、祥龍等”。五代、宋、清等多以“鳳凰戲龍、雙卷葉花紋、游龍戲鳳”等題材來雕刻欄板。這些雕刻因襲了我國的民族文化藝術,取材于人民的生活。



石欄桿、河道護欄


  三、景區石欄桿、河道欄桿的尺寸設計

    我國建筑技術發展到宋代已經日趨成熟,宋代早的一部建筑學專著: 李誠所著的《營造法式》,書中對各種木構件建筑的尺寸都給出了具體明確的尺寸。中國園林古石橋欄桿有法式可依。以清式為例,若欄柱的高位H,則欄板高度相應規定為4/9H,欄板以上柱頭高則為4/11H,欄柱的截面寬為2/11H,欄板厚為2/15H,欄板下基石(地袱)高位1/9H,習慣上采用具體的尺寸有兩種形式:若欄柱的間距(即欄板長)為L。



景區河道護欄尺寸設計圖


1、宋朝石欄桿尺寸設計為:柱子高1440~1600mm, 欄板長度1760~1920mm;2) 2、清式石欄桿尺寸設計為;欄桿柱高1184~1344mm, 石欄板長度是1280~1600mm。

3、現代我們制作的石欄桿尺寸是:欄桿柱高1150mm,石欄板長度為1300-1800mm 之間,具體情況要根據石欄桿樣式去實際設計。





   景區石欄桿、河道護欄也有“一物多用”的發展方式。欄桿扶手的高度降到坐凳的高度時欄桿便成為“坐凳欄桿”,在現代景觀設計中也有繼承。中國歷史悠久,地域遼闊。各種石材欄桿圖片樣式和尺寸設計還受當地文化風俗和傳統思想的影響,具體石欄桿的尺寸還是要根據實際情況去設計制作。如果您有景區石護欄河道石欄桿雕刻制作安裝的需求,請聯系我們,曲陽縣石隆石雕工藝廠免費幫您設計,量身定制各種石材雕刻欄桿,歡迎您的咨詢,我們將竭誠為您服務!


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